Articles filed under Offshore Wind from New York
But the Fishermen's Advisory Board in Rhode Island is opposing the package, according to a report in the Providence Journal. A lawyer for the group, Marisa Desautel, said the group has "serious concerns with the lack of information provided by Orsted" about the mitigation fund, including Orsted's involvement in how it will be paid out. The compensation package, to be paid over 30 years (or reduced to $5.2 million if taken as an upfront payment), was below a scientific study that estimated potential losses to fishermen of $15 million to $40.4 million, according to the paper.
Bonnie Brady, executive director of the Long Island Commercial Fishing Association, said she felt blindsided by the announcement and that there has been minimal communication between Equinor and fishermen. “Why didn’t this process start more organically from the beginning, in a way that actively includes fisherman, so that no one is ultimately put out of business or put into a scenario where they lose traditional historical fishing grounds that are sustainably fished and have been,” she said.
In official comments to the US Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) submitted July 30, 2018, New York suggested the wind turbines be no closer than 20 miles from shore. This recommendation was based upon an earlier study by BOEM that concluded that 600-foot-high turbines produced a “dominate impact “on the beach view 15 miles offshore. Adjusting for the new 50% taller turbines, the suggested distance from the shore should be 30 miles. In Europe, the closest lease area for these jumbo turbines is 44 miles out. The New York decision begs the question of why lease areas from Maryland to Massachusetts aren’t being rejected on the same merits.
The Atlantic coast contains some of the most productive fisheries in the world. BOEM is supposed to work with fisheries interests to ensure offshore wind development does not adversely affect habitat and the livelihood of fishermen. In fact, in December of last year, the Department of the Interior issued a detailed memo stating that the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act prohibits offshore wind approvals if a project would interfere with fishing. But just a few weeks ago, the administration reversed those findings.
The federal government has removed two offshore wind-energy
“Everyone is suffering from an incredible burnout over this whole process,” said Bonnie Brady, a commercial fishing advocate whose husband captains a Montauk dragger. “We’ve been fighting this battle for eight years and it doesn’t seem like we’re being listened to at all. They say ‘Oh, the fishermen are being heard,’ but the energy island they are building out there is in the heart of areas so important to fishermen from New York.” Ms. Brady said that the frantic pace to put up wind turbines is galling because by simply waiting for technology to allow the turbines to be placed further offshore, where the depth of the water is prohibitive to current turbine construction styles, the impacts to the migration routes of many marine species and the fishermen who pursue them could be greatly reduced.
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Proposed areas to the west can provide "more than enough" wind-energy capacity to meet the region's need without having to develop the off-Hamptons areas, named Fairways North and Fairways South. Public officials and fishing groups oppose windfarms in the Fairways areas, which at 15 miles from shore would be visible from beaches and some of the nation’s most expensive houses.
Opponents of the Wainscott landing proposal, led by the Citizens for the Preservation of Wainscott, have presented reams of evidence in support of having the cable brought ashore in Amagansett or Hither Hills instead of in Wainscott. The wind farm developers — the Danish energy giant Ørsted and it’s partner, the New England utility company Eversource — have argued that the Beach Lane landing would be the shortest and least disruptive route between the sea and the East Hampton substation.
A Huntington Town councilman has filed suit against a state review board and LIPA, charging they failed to get legally required approval for billions in LIPA contracts and other "projects," including the utility's pursuit of tax challenges of Long Island’s biggest power plants.
The proceeding contends the town rushed the process through without the proper review and did so in part to thwart the residents’ efforts to incorporate the hamlet as a village. It also says the developer "purchased the town’s compliance," referring to a $28.9 million community benefits package offered by the developers as part of the deal.
The East Hampton portion of the South Fork Wind Farm project would include some of the cable running beneath a beach in Wainscott, then to a power substation in East Hampton Village.
Bonnie Brady is executive director of the Long Island Commercial Fishing Association. She says the East Hampton Town Trustees should wait to see a stronger management plan for fisheries. "To date, there is not an effective fisheries mitigation plan. There is not an effective program for compensation for lost year and/or for survey work and what happens to fisherman when they aren’t allowed to fish in their areas," Brady said.
A New York project has emerged as a contender to be the nation’s first large-scale offshore wind farm, shifting the U.S. industry’s sights to a proposal that has encountered opposition from residents of a resort town in the Hamptons.
East Hampton Town and the East Hampton Town Trustees this week made public the easement and lease agreements they have negotiated with wind farm developers Ørsted and Eversource for the rights to bury the South Fork Wind Farm power cable beneath a beach and town roads in Wainscott in exchange for nearly $29 million in compensation from the company over the next 28 years.
As soon as Monday, the developers will conduct geotechnical assessments that will involve soil borings and measurements of the sea floor. These, according to a spokeswoman for the developers, will support the final design of the 15-turbine wind farm's transmission cable. Vessels may arrive on Sunday.
"We are more confident than ever before that building major electrical infrastructure through Wainscott will not satisfy New York State law as an appropriate landfall site," Gouri Edlich of the Wainscott preservation group told those attending the virtual meeting. She emphasized that there has been no independent assessment of the environmental impacts or alternatives to the project.
The joint proposal that the developers of the South Fork Wind farm filed with the New York State Public Service Commission last month in support of their application for a Certificate of Environmental Compatibility and Public Need under Article VII of the Public Service Law received prominent backing last week with the addition of five state agencies.
Wissemann said future Great Lakes projects will look more like those shaping up along the Atlantic Coast: larger and more competitive on cost. Winter ice endemic to the Great Lakes is not an engineering challenge for turbines affixed to the seabed, and there’s no need to demonstrate any particular technology for freshwater projects to advance, he said. “I think you can go bigger, faster in the Great Lakes.”
In a strongly worded message issued last week, Citizens for the Preservation of Wainscott, a group that is fighting South Fork Wind farm's plan to land its export cable at Beach Lane in that hamlet, accused both the East Hampton Town Board and the town trustees of a "duplicitous sell-out" of Wainscott, and pledged to contest the proposed wind farm "through litigation and all other means."